The methanol leaf extract of Mallotus oppositifolius was evaluated for anti- inflammatory activity in rats and mice using acute and chronic anti-inflammatory. Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar. Biochem Res Int. ; doi: // Epub Oct Evaluation of Mallotus oppositifolius Methanol Leaf Extract on the.

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The stems or the twigs are chewed fresh, or dried for later use.

Mallotus oppositifolius – Useful Tropical Plants

Mallotus oppositifolius is mainly pollinated by different species of bees and butterflies. B 10 x – 29k – jpg ww2. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, cardenolides cardiac glycosidesanthocyanins and possibly also alkaloids and anthraquinones.

The extract was not toxic. Therefore we selected and evaluated the methanol leaf extract of MP for its claimed antidiabetic potentials considering also, its effect on total cholesterol and biomarkers of oxidative stress in vivo and in vitrorespectively.

On Mallotus and Deuteromallotus Euphorbiaceae in Madagascar. Table 2 shows the effect of the extract on the liver MDA levels of diabetic rats. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary raceme; male inflorescence up to 10 —15 cm long, female one up to 10 — Citation in scholarly articles.

Mallotus oppositifolius

Blood was collected from heart using disposable hypodermic syringes and transferred into EDTA tubes immediately. The seed is a special soup thickener in the region.


Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Plants used in traditional medicine in eastern Tanzania. Mallotus oppositifolius fruiting branch obtained from Runetwork. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antimalarial activities of some Nigerian medicinal plants. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences mwllotus 2: Thirty mature male albino rats were randomly divided into 5 groups Table 1.

Mallotus oppositifolius is commonly browsed by cattle. The crushed leaves or leaf sap are applied to aching teeth and inflamed eyes. Editions Alzieu, Grenoble, France. Only few species occur in tropical Africa: Regular weeding is necessary. Aqueous and ethanol extracts of dried leaves showed significant opposititolius activity in vitro against Aspergillus flavusCandida albicansMicrosporum audouiniiPenicillium sp.

Therefore, the antioxidant effect and the antidiabetic activities of MP are suspected to be due to its flavonoid component as observed both in vitro and in vivo, respectively. There are also lipoprotein abnormalities with diabetes mellitus [ 5 ].

Click on “show more” to view them. In West Africa most plant oppositifoilus, but especially the leaves, are commonly used for medicinal purposes.

Total cholesterol concentrations were evaluated by the methods described by Allain et al. Bioactive components of the leaf extracts of M.

Crushed leaves or a leaf infusion are applied to treat urinary infections, venereal diseases, malaria, leprosy, chickenpox and female sterility. The homogenised liver tissues were used to measure lipid peroxidation using malondialdehyde MDA levels as markers [ 14 ]. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests as per this work, the project was not funded by any organization, and appropriate acknowledgments have been given to those deserving.


Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. They are also applied to burns to calm pain. Field guide to the moist forest trees of Tanzania. The seeds are considered poisonous.

Mallotus oppositifolius – Wikipedia

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 33 1—2: Introduction Diabetes mellitus DM is a multifactorial syndrome resulting from a variable interaction of hereditary and environmental factors. Mallotus oppositifolius leaves and stem bark have several interesting local medicinal uses, including analgesic, antibacterial, anthelminthic and haemostatic uses.

Phenol compounds such as flavonoids isolated from plants scavenge for hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anion radical, and lipid peroxyl radicals unearths many of the flavonoid health promoting functions, which are important for managing diseases associated with oxidative damage such as diabetes mellitus [ 23 ].

Leaf sap is used as nose drops or eye drops and the head is massaged with the pulped leaves to treat headache. Potentials of Mallotus oppositifolius for agroforestry and land management in southeastern Nigeria.

Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Indexed in Web of Science. The aqueous leaf extract showed significant activity against Shigella dysenteriae A1-induced diarrhoea in rats.